Nigeria operates a democratic system of government. There are a lot of political parties in the country and each party presents its representatives for the various political positions in the country out of which the citizens will vote for during elections. Some of the widely recognized political parties in Nigeria include;
People’s Democratic Party (PDP) was founded in the year 1998. The policies of this party believe in and support the tenets of the political right. The People’s Democratic Party won all the Presidential elections that were held in between 1999 and 2011 until 2015. At present, the People’s Democratic Party controls 14 states out of the 36 states in Nigeria. The national chairperson is Uche Secondus.
PDP supports free-market economic policies that is based on liberalism of the economy with little or no government regulations. In the year 2003, President Olusegun Obasanjo and the Minister of Finance, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala started a economic reform program that limited the expenditure of the government, and brought about deregulation as well as privatization of a lot of industries in the services sector in Nigeria.
On the issue of poverty and welfare, PDP maintains a centre-left standpoint.
APC was founded on the 6th of February, 2013. It is a merger of three former opposition parties namely; Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), and the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP). Also, a clique of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) joined the above mentioned political parties to form what is now known as the All Progressives Congress (APC). APC is conceived as a left-of-centre political party that prefers market economic policies that are effectively controlled and is socially conservative. The party also believes in firm and vigorous government regulation. Majority of individuals in this party are mostly Yoruba and Hausa-Fulani. The party is also against same-sex relations.
APC’s presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari won the 2015 elections and is the current president of Nigeria. The national chairman is Adams Oshiomole.
The All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) was founded in the year 2003. This political party won 2 out of the 360 seats in the House of Representatives of Nigeria although they did not win any seat in the Senate as at April 12th 2003. In the year 2011, Chief Rochas Okorocha of APGA was elected as governor of Imo state beating Ikedi Ohakim, the former governor of Imo state from PDP with 15 percent more votes.
As at February 2013, some members of this party together with Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP), and the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), merged to form the now All Progressives Congress (APC).
The current party chairman of APGA is Victor Ike Oye. The beliefs of APGA is centered on decentralization of power, nationalism, and restructuring of Nigeria.
The labour party was founded in the year 2002 as the Party for Social Democracy by the Nigerian Labour Congress. During the Nigerian National Assembly election in April 2007, the party won 1 out of the 360 seats in the House of Representatives and no seats in the Senate. The national chairman is Alh. Abdukadir Abdulsalam (Baraden Paiko).
Some of the members of this political party whose names are quite known in the country are Dr. Olusegun Mimiko, who was the then Governor of Ondo State and the only Governor in Nigeria to emerge from the Labour Party; the former Governor of Oyo State, Chief Alao Akala is also a member, Comrade Adams Oshiomole, the current APC Governor of Edo State was also a member, and Ogboru, the Labour Party Candidate for Delta State.
The party supports mainly the increase of minimum wage and social democracy amongst other things.
Progressive Peoples Alliance (PPA) was founded in the year 2006. The ideology and beliefs of this party is centred around progressivism, federalism, anti-communism, and unionism. The national chairman is Chief Peter Ojonugwa Ameh.
PPA won the 2003 as well as the 2007 gubernatorial elections in Abia State. Also in 2007, the party won the governorship election of Abia State. In the April 2007 Nigerian National Assembly elections, the party won 3 out of the 360 seats in the House of Representatives and 109 seats in the Senate.
Currently, the party has two of its members in the House of Representatives one of them being Hon. Nnanna Uzor Kalu who is a two-time member and he is representing Aba North and Aba South Federal Constituency. The other is Rt. Hon. Stanley Ohajiruka, former Speaker Abia State House of Assembly.